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Arabian Coffee

Coffea arabica

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Arabian Coffee (Coffea arabica) at Patuxent Nursery

Arabian Coffee foliage

Arabian Coffee foliage

(Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder)

Height:  15 feet

Spread:  10 feet

Sunlight:  partial shade 

Hardiness Zone:  10

Description:

An upright tropical shrub or small tree that is widely commercially cultivated. an attractive potted plant, presenting glossy foliage with wavy margins; berries are edible with a grape-like texture, but it is the seeds that are dried and roasted

Edible Qualities

Arabian Coffee is a large shrub that is typically grown for its edible qualities, although it does have ornamental merits as well. It produces dark red oval fruit which are typically harvested when mature. The fruits have an earthy taste.

The fruit are most often used in the following ways:

  • Eating When Cooked/Prepared

Features & Attributes

Arabian Coffee has attractive dark green foliage. The textured oval leaves are highly ornamental and remain dark green throughout the winter. The flowers are not ornamentally significant. It features an abundance of magnificent dark red berries from early to mid fall.

This is a multi-stemmed evergreen shrub with an upright spreading habit of growth. Its average texture blends into the landscape, but can be balanced by one or two finer or coarser trees or shrubs for an effective composition. This plant will require occasional maintenance and upkeep, and is best pruned in late winter once the threat of extreme cold has passed. It is a good choice for attracting birds and butterflies to your yard. It has no significant negative characteristics.

Aside from its primary use as an edible, Arabian Coffee is sutiable for the following landscape applications;

  • Accent
  • Hedges/Screening
  • General Garden Use
  • Container Planting

Planting & Growing

Arabian Coffee will grow to be about 15 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 10 feet. It has a low canopy with a typical clearance of 1 foot from the ground, and is suitable for planting under power lines. It grows at a medium rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for 50 years or more.

This shrub can be integrated into a landscape or flower garden by creative gardeners, but is usually grown in a designated edibles garden. It should be grown in a location that is shaded from the hot afternoon sun. It does best in average to evenly moist conditions, but will not tolerate standing water. It is not particular as to soil pH, but grows best in rich soils. It is somewhat tolerant of urban pollution. This species is not originally from North America..

Arabian Coffee is a good choice for the edible garden, but it is also well-suited for use in outdoor pots and containers. Its large size and upright habit of growth lend it for use as a solitary accent, or in a composition surrounded by smaller plants around the base and those that spill over the edges. Note that when grown in a container, it may not perform exactly as indicated on the tag - this is to be expected. Also note that when growing plants in outdoor containers and baskets, they may require more frequent waterings than they would in the yard or garden.

This plant is not reliably hardy in our region, and certain restrictions may apply; contact the store for more information.

 
 
Hardiness Zone Plant Height Minimum Sunlight
Characteristics
Accent  Screening  Garden  Container 
Applications
Fruit  Foliage Color  Attracts Wildlife 
Ornamental Features